In the U.K., Sweden, Norway, Germany, Italy, New Zealand, and some Australian states, donors are not paid and cannot be anonymous. Nevertheless the anonymity of the donor has been a fairly common practice in IVF. Some countries are stepping up their game when it comes to tracking donor information for later use. This includes the preservation of both identifying and non-identifying information. Rules vary from country to country regarding how the donation process is controlled, how and when donor information can be released, and even who can request it.
The degree of anonymity varies greatly by country. Portugal has a public national database of donors. In Hong Kong, sperm donation may be both anonymous and non-anonymous. In Spain, non-identifying information may only be released if the offspring is sick with a serious illness. In the US it is the patients that get to specify their wishes. Those are followed as often as possible.
Although it is possible to donate sperm in the U.K., a loophole exists within the current legislation that makes any sperm donor afraid of doing. Therefore the actual market is virtually non-existent and, as a result, anyone looking for a sperm donor has to go oversees. Lesbian couples face extra difficulties as many countries have restrictions against lesbian and single women. Legislation in this area is influenced by religious, ethical, and cultural traditions in each country.
Denmark and USA are the most mature markets for sperm donation, having a wide range, good quality and also a high degree of anonymity. Therefore we can recommend:
European Sperm bank based in Denmark www.europeanspermbank.com
Xytex international based in the USA www.xytex.com
IVIDONO in several cities of Spain www.ividono.es
The amount and quality of eggs currently available for donation worldwide is limited by the policies and restrictions of each country and there is a varying degree of legal approval, donor compensation and anonymity. At present, the countries that compensate donors and provide donor anonymity are Spain, Czech Republic, South Africa, Greece and USA. As a result, these countries tend to dominate the market.
Sadly these policies and restrictions are in place principally to protect women and families as well as to avoid any potential human trafficking and to safeguard dignity. However, they have also helped to increase the overall cost and decrease efficiency of the donation process, which has prevented many people from actively considering egg donation. In short, if you are struggling with fertility and do not have the financial means or a detailed understanding of the process the chances for success are slim.
On the other hand, there has been some recent good news regarding improvements in donation techniques. A few years ago there was sizeable difference in using fresh eggs rather than frozen eggs. However, due to a number of new developments in technology, prompted by the threat of radiation during the second Iraq war, there is now a much higher success rate with frozen eggs, which has closed the gap significantly. This has subsequently had a massive impact on both the supply of and demand for egg donors.
The potential costs are based on the number of eggs donated and the legal restrictions on egg importation and storage. However, you can expect the cost to be in the region of US$ 5'000-10'000. Here are a few companies that we suggest you to look at: